Saturday, 17 December 2011

correct use of Since/for (practice)-2


Before attempting this exercise see since/for and Perfect continuous tense.
  
Q) Fill in the blanks with “since or “for “. Answers are given below. But first attempt yourself and then only cross check the answers.

1) She has been learning music ------ six months.
2) He has been staying in Kanpur ----- January.
3) They had been decorating their house ---- morning.
4) He has been suffering for fever ------ he entered the city.
5) Party has been going on ------- evening.
6) My friend has been winning this competition ------many years.
7) Peacock has been dancing ------ one hour.
8) Have you not been studying in this school --------2010?
9) He has been playing harmonium continuously ------ 2 hours.
10) People have been gathering at Red fort ----- early morning.
11) My grandmother has been feeding dogs -------- many years.
12) We have been visiting this temple every week ------- my first birthday.
13) He has been running a shop ------- ten years.
14) It has been raining -------- afternoon.
15) Their family has been ruling this state ------- 40 years.

Answers
1)      For.
2)      Since.
3)      Since.
4)      Since.
5)      Since.
6)      For.
7)      For.
8)      Since.
9)      For.
10)  Since.
11)  For.
12)  Since.
13)  For.
14)  Since.
15)  For.

Correct uses of since/for (practice)-1

Before attempting this exercise see since/for and Perfect continuous tense.

Q) Fill in the blanks with “since" or “for “. Answers are given below. But first attempt yourself and then only cross check the answers.

1)      Laborers have been striking---- Monday.
2)      Watchman had been sleeping -----10 am.
3)      Boys have been running ------one hour.
4)      Farmers had been working in fields ----noon.
5)      We have been waiting for one turn ----sometime.
6)      He has been appearing for the exams----2009.
7)      He has not been attending classes ----last Saturday.
8)      He had been doing job ------his father died.
9)      People have been tolerating maladministration ------ long time.
10)  Police has been chasing thief ------- many days.
11)  They have been arranging for party------morning.
12)  Students have not been practicing ---------- rain starts.
13)  They had been waiting for me ----- 10 am.
14)  Child has not been weeping -------- half an hour.
15)  We have been looking for a tenant ------ one month.
Answers
1)      Since.
2)      Since.
3)      For.
4)      Since.
5)      For.
6)      Since.
7)      Since.
8)      Since.
9)      For.
10)  For.
11)  Since.
12)  Since.
13)  Since.
14)  For.
15)  For.

For further practice see

Correct uses of since and for


Since/for and perfect continuous tenses

Since/for and perfect continuous tense
“since” and “for” are used in perfect continuous tenses. They always come before the time. Their correct use is very simple, yet it’s a source of common error in English.
Let understand rules for their correct uses.
 Rulesà
1) “For” is used when “period of time” is given. We don’t know when the work/ action started but the duration of time during which the work is going on is given.
For exampleà for two days, for five hours, for 2 minutes, for long, for some years, for few months etc

Examplesà
1)      We have been staying in hotel for one week.
2)      He had been working here for five years.
3)      They will have been studying for two hours by 6 pm.
4)      I have been reading for three hours.
5)      They had been playing for long.

2) “Since” is used when “starting time” of work/action is given.
For exampleà since morning, since evening, since Monday, since 5 p.m. etc

Examplesà
1)      I have been living in Delhi since childhood.
2)      They had been opposing new rules since beginning.
3)      I have been waiting for you since Tuesday.
4)      We had been winning the competition since 2008.
5)      He has been teaching in our school since 2010.

For practice see

Future perfect continuous (practice)-2



Q1) Translate following sentences into your mother tongue

1)      They will have been dealing in spices for ten years in March.
2)      He will not have been writing for two months by this month end.
3)      Players will have been practicing for two weeks by tomorrow.
4)      Roja will have been staying in hotel for six days by Wednesday.
5)      We shall have been writing letters to authorities for three months by Sunday.
6)      I shall have been waiting for you for one hour by 6 pm.
7)      He will have been writing an essay for two hours by 10 pm.
8)      She will have been worshipping for one hour by 7 pm.
9)      They will have been whitewashing their house for three days by tonight.
10)  We shall have been traveling for one hour by 9 pm.
11)  Gopal will have been doing business for three years by December.
12)   He will have been reading newspaper for one hour by 8 am.
13)  Children will have been playing for two hours till their father comes.
14)  They will have been cutting grass for two months when it starts raining. 
15)  Tailor will have been sewing for 3 hours by 8 pm.

Q2) write 15 sentences in future perfect continuous tense

Future Perfect continuous (practice)-1



Q1) Translate following sentences into your mother tongue.

1)      I shall have been working in this office for five years by 2012.
2)      He will have been living here for two years by September.
3)      She will have been cooking since 2 p.m.
4)      Will he have been playing since evening?
5)      Mohan will have been studying abroad for two years by next month.
6)      Boy will have been walking since morning.
7)      Will you have been running for three hours by 9 p.m.?
8)      Farmers will have been ploughing for many hours by the afternoon?
9)      They will have been practicing for enough time before competition.
10)  Bus will have been running for three hours by 9 pm.
11)  He will have been hunting for 2 days by tonight.
12)  She will not have been dancing for three hours at lunch break.
13)  We shall have been listening to his speech for one hour by 10a.m.
14)  Teacher will not have been coming for 10 days by Saturday.
15)  Metro will have been running for two years in next January.

Q2) Write 15 sentences in future perfect continuous tense

For further practice see

Past continuous (practice)-2



Q1) Translate following sentences into your mother tongue

1)      Villagers were migrating to cities.
2)      Islands were submerging in the sea.
3)      Our car was passing through a bridge.
4)      Fountains were looking very beautiful.
5)      His niece was going abroad.
6)      Priest was living in the house.
7)      Many people were struggling in poverty.
8)      Flood was spreading in the whole city.
9)      Child was swinging in the cradle.
10)  Police was chasing the thief.
11)  Now we were crossing the river.
12)  Child was making fun of beggar.
13)  Principal Sir was hosting the flag.
14)  She was reciting the poem on the stage.
15)  Our team was participating in the competition.

Q2) Write 15 sentence in past continuous tense

Past continuous (practice)-1



Q)Translate following sentences into your mother tongue.

1)      Children were bathing in the river.
2)       People were walking here and there.
3)      Temperature was increasing.
4)      They were not talking with each other.
5)      TVs were selling like hot cakes.
6)      I was revising my lesson.
7)      Someone was knocking at the door.
8)      Pollution is increasing rapidly in our country.
9)      Carpenter was making a beautiful table.
10)  Wasp was flying in the room.
11)  Bus was running at full speed.
12)  Gardener was watering the plants.
13)  Child was cutting teeth.
14)  Farmer was not ploughing the field.
15)  We were waiting for the bus.

Q2) write 15 sentences   in Past Continuous tense

For further practice see

Thursday, 15 December 2011

practice exercises for tenses


1)      Present Indefinite (practice )1 | 2
2)      Present continues (practice) 1 | 2
3)      Present Perfect ( Practice ) 1 | 2
4)      Present perfect continuous (Practice) 1 | 2
5)      Past Indefinite (practice ) 1 | 2
6)      Past continuous ( Practice )  1 | 2 
7)      Past perfect ( Practice ) 1 | 2 
8)      Past perfect continuous ( Practice ) 1 | 2
9)      Future Indefinite ( Practice ) 1 | 2
10)  Future continuous ( practice ) 1 | 2
11) Future Perfect (practice) 1 | 2
12) Future Perfect continuous (Practice) 1 | 2

Future perfect continuous



Identifyà
A sentence in future perfect continuous tense tells two things
a) An action of future (denoted by verb ) is not completed but going on.
b) Starting time of action /work or period of time during which action will be taking place is given. It shows that work will be completed in some future time.

Rulesà
1) 1st form of verb is used.
2) “ing” is added to the 1st form of verb.
3) Helping verb à Shall have been / will have been is used as.
a) shall have beenà I , we.
b) will have been à all other subjects.

4) Before Time “Since /for “is used (see the correct use of since/for). “Since” is used if ‘time of beginning of action’ is given and “for” is   used if ‘period of time’ is given.

Structureà
Affirmativeà Subjects +shall have been /will have been +verb + objects.
Negativeà Subjects + shall / will + not have been + verb +object.
Interrogativeà shall /will +subject +have been + verb + objects?
Negative + interrogative à shall/will +subjects + not have been + verb + object?

Examplesà
1)      He will have been dancing for one hour.
2)      She will not have been sewing since morning.
3)      Shall I have been waiting for you 2 hours by 10 a.m.?
4)      Will he not have been staying in hotel for two days?
5)      Farmers will have been sowing wheat for two weeks in summer.

For practice see

Future perfect (practice) -2



 Q1) Translate following sentences into your mother tongue

1)      They will have reached their village before sunset.
2)      I shall have left the city before he wakes up.
3)      They will have reached the Jaipur in July.
4)      Winter will have killed homeless people before government takes any action.
5)      Monkey will have damaged the garden before the owner comes.
6)      He will have got the result before next Sunday.
7)      He will have recovered from his disease soon.
8)      I shall have done your work at earliest.
9)      Vendor will have sold all vegetables before evening.
10)   Thief will have escaped before anyone notice.
11)  Director will have ruined before she completes her make up.
12)  Ravana will have burnt before we reaches there.
13)  Food will have cooked before we take bath.
14)  Mother will have cleaned the house even before we wake up.
15)  Jet will have crossed him even before he notices.

Q2) write15 sentence in future perfect tense.

Future Perfect (practice)-1



Q1) Translate following sentences into your mother tongue.
1)      I shall have completed my project by Monday.
2)      Mother will have made food before the guests come.
3)      Exams will have finished before Holi.
4)      Construction of the building will not have completed before rain starts.
5)      He will have been spent all money before project completes.
6)      I shall have read the book tonight.
7)      Will he have finished the novel before Wednesday?
8)      Farmers will have harvested the crop before winter.
9)      Train will have left before he reaches the station.
10)  They will have reached home before rain starts.
11)  We shall have paid our dues before the last date.
12)  I shall have submitted my projects by sometimes in the next month.
13)  Will you have shifted to new house before your marriage?
14)   They will not have finished the work before deadline.
15)  Government will have issued voter cards before next election.

Q2) write 15 sentences   in future perfect tense.

For further practice see

Future Perfect



Identifyà
A sentence in future perfect tense tells that an action of future (denoted by verb) has been completed.

Rulesà
1) 3rd form of verb is used.
2) Helping verb à Shall have/ will have is used as
a) Shall have à I, we.
b) Will haveà all other Subjects.

Structure à
Affirmativeà Subject+ Shall have / will have + verb + Object.
Negative à Subject + shall / will + not have + verb + object.
Interrogativeà shall / will + Subject + have +verb + Object?
Negative + Interrogative à shall / will + Subject+ not have + verb + Object?

Examplesà
1)      He will have completed his homework.
2)      She will not have eaten the food.
3)      Will they have reached the school?
4)      Shall we have reached the Nanital tomorrow by this time?
5)      Will river not have crossed the danger mark?

For practice see

Future Continuous (practice)-2



 Q1) Translate following sentences into your mother tongue.

1)      Children will be writing beautiful essays within a month.
2)      Buses will be running on this route by next year.
3)      People will be gathering here in the morning. 
4)      We shall not be going to Simla in summer vacation.
5)      Robot will be doing our work.
6)      Minister will be inaugurating new building of our school.
7)      Insects will be ruling this abandon house.
8)      Shall you be whitewashing your home on Diwali?
9)      He will be running a publishing house.
10)  We shall be eating mangoes in summer.
11)  Whole department will be preparing for tournament.
12)  Sportsman will be arriving at Airport from Monday.
13)  Weather will be turning hot by Mid April.
14)  People will be casting their vote next year.
15)  Poor farmers will be struggling in globalization.

Q2) Write 15 sentences in future continuous Tense.

Future continuous (practice) -1



Q1) Translate following sentences into your mother tongue

1)      We shall be writing exam tomorrow.
2)       He will not be sleeping at this time tomorrow.
3)      Children will be enjoying in picnic.
4)      I shall be reading books in Library.
5)      Will he be going abroad?
6)      Weather will not be very cold by next month.
7)      In future trees will be items of books and museums.
8)      Computer will be replacing men at many jobs.
9)      He will be appearing in exams next week.
10)  We shall be living in our new house next year.
11)  There will be a dam on this river soon.
12)   People will be fighting for water.
13)  Mr.Bhatt will be presiding over the meeting.
14)  He will be writing a Novel.
15)  New Mall will be attracting people.

Q2) Write 15 sentences in future continuous Tense.
For further Practice see

Future continuous



Identifyà
A sentence in future continuous tells that the action of future (denoted by verb) is not completed but going on at that moment.

Rulesà
1) 1st form of verb is used.
2)”ing” is added to the 1st form of verb.
3) Helping verb à Shall be/ will be is used as.
a) Shall beà I, we
b) Will be à all other Subjects

Structureà
1)      Affirmativeà Subject + shall be/ will be+ verb + object.
2)      Negativeà Subject + shall / will + not +be +verb + object.
3)      Interrogative à Shall / will+ subject + be + verb + Objects?
4)      Negative + interrogative à Shall / will + subject + not be + verb + objects?

Examplesà
1)      He will be sleeping.
2)      Next month I shall not be living here.
3)      Will he be studying in library?
4)      Will they not be cheating people now?
5)      She will be cooking food for the guests.

For practice see

Future Indefinite (practice)-2



Q1) Translate following Sentences into your mother tongue

1)      Police will divert traffic for Republic day function.
2)      In the end God will do justice.
3)      Our class teacher will give new timetable today.
4)      Parliament will enact new law in winter session.
5)      School will reopen from Monday.
6)      I shall join new course next month.
7)      Water scarcity will cause next world war.
8)      Will you whitewash your house before Diwali.
9)      Only members will decide the course of action.
10)  I shall show my cards at right time.
11)  My uncle will give me a new cycle on my birthday.
12)  Will he not return my book tomorrow?
13)   Shall I remind you again about your exam?
14)  Company will provide you all necessary finance for this Project.
15)  I shall prefer to die for this cause.

Q2) write 15 sentences in future indefinite tense

Future indefinite (Practice)-1



Q1) Translate following Sentences into your mother tongue

1)      I shall help you, come what you.
2)      He will meet you as early as possible.
3)      Shall I stand here till lunch?
4)      India will always oppose terrorism.
5)       I shall start diary writing soon.
6)      We shall participate in the game.
7)      Mother will make a new dish tonight.
8)      Next Sunday we shall go to see circus.
9)      Principal will announce the results anytime now.
10)  New gadget will gain popularity soon.
11)  We shall purchase a new house next month.
12)  Kanchan will solve this sum is no time.
13)  I shall cross this river one day.
14)  He will make a good doctor.
15)  New Highway will open new opportunities for people.

Q2) Write 15 sentences in Future Indefinite tense.

For further practice see       

Future Indefinite



Identifyà
A sentence in future indefinite simply tells about an action of future. It does not state if action will be completed or going on.

Rulesà
1) 1st form of verb is used.
2) Helping verb àShall/ will be used as
a)      Shallà I, we
b)      Willà all other Subjects.

Structureà
Affirmativeà Subject+ Shall/will +verb+ object
Negativeà Subject+ Shall/will +not+ verb+ object.
Interrogativeà Shall/will +Subjects +verb + object.
Negative + interrogativeà shall/ will+ Subject + not + verb + objects?

Examplesà
1)      She will support you in difficult time.
2)      I shall not change my stand on corruption.
3)      Will you cross the forest?
4)      Will she not come in the meeting?
5)      I shall appear for exam this year.

For practice see

Past perfect continuous (practice)-2



Q1) Translate following Sentences into your mother tongue.

1)      He had not been celebrating Diwali since his mother died.
2)      He had been recovering from his diseases since Wednesday.
3)      Government had been starting many projects for schools since last year.
4)      They had been renovating their house for two months.
5)       He had been improving his skills for quite sometimes now.
6)      Company had been looking for a suitable manager since April.
7)      We had been wandering in cold night for three hours.
8)      He had been thinking hard for two hours.
9)      Students had been taking extra classes since last week.
10)   They had been looking for a boy for their girl for two years.
11)  He had been playing role of Rama in Ramlila for last ten years.
12)  He had been deceiving people for many years.
13)  She had been dreaming to become doctor since her childhood.
14)  You had been teaching Psychology since 1987.
15)  This NGO had been working in the field of education for ten years.

Q2) Write 15 sentences in past perfect continuous (Practice)-2